biotite composition

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  • Biotite

    Biotite It occurs in more geological environments than any of the other micas. It is a common rock forming mineral, being present in at least some percentage in many igneous rocks (e.g. granite and rhyolite ), and metamorphic rocks (e.g. schist, gneiss ).

  • DOST SciNet-Phil

    The Dass diorite samples show biotite overgrowing amphiboles and also replacement of biotite by chlorite. (Author''s abstract) SUBJECTS Marine science Biotite composition Petrogenesis Toro and dass, north-central nigeria. - Application of biotite composition in determination of petrogenesis of …

  • Contrasting composition of two biotite generations in the ...

     · Physicochemical parameters estimated by biotite composition suggest that there is a trend of strongly decreasing temperature from the crystallization of generation I to generation II biotite. It is therefore concluded that temperature is a major factor favourable for REE mineralization in the Lizhuang deposit, particularly given related ...

  • Diorite Rock Composition, Formation and Uses Area

    Diorite Composition. Diorite composition principally of the silicate minerals plagioclase feldspar (typically andesine), biotite, hornblende, and/or pyroxene. The chemical composition of diorite is intermediate, between that of maficgabbro and felsic granite. It may contain small amounts of quartz, microcline,and olivine.

  • Biotite

     · The biotite composition also demonstrates that the different granitic phases of the MDG have a common origin and exhibits different levels of differentiation as a consequence of mainly fractional crystallization, which is reflected in the REE patterns as well. The fractionation model is supported by the determined partition coefficients (Kd ...

  • Biotite composition as a tool for the identification of ...

    Some individual tephra deposits display sequential changes in biotite composition that allow separate phases of the eruption to be identified, greatly increasing the potential precision for correlation. In addition, devitrified lavas that are unsuitable for glass analysis can be correlated to coeval tephra deposits by their biotite compositions.


    The weathering products of biotite are not, according to Zschimmer, identical with those derived from the weathering of muscovite. Glinka (9), studying the biotite of southwest Russia, conciluded that the end product of the weathering of tliis niica under certain conditions was a substance resembling kaolinite in composition.

  • Granite

    Composition Potassium feldspar, plagioclase feldspar, and quartz ; differing amounts of muscovite, biotite, and hornblende -type amphiboles Granite ( / ˈ ɡ r æ n ɪ t / ) is a coarse-grained igneous rock composed mostly of quartz, alkali feldspar, and plagioclase .

  • Biotite Mineral | Uses and Properties

    Biotite is a name used for a large group of black mica minerals that are commonly found in igneous and metamorphic rocks. These include annite, phlogopite, siderophyllite, fluorophlogopite, fluorannite, eastonite, and many others. These micas vary in chemical composition but are all sheet silicate minerals with very similar physical properties.

  • Octahedral excess mixing properties in biotite: A working ...

    sure-temperature-composition space makes it a poten- forming mineral, our knowledge of its solution properties tially fruitful source of information about the values of is still rudimentary, in large part because the composition thermodynamic intensive variables under which such space of biotite is so extensive. The complexities of bio-

  • Biotite mica: The mineral Biotite information and pictures

    Biotite is a very common form of mica. It is named in honor Jean Baptiste Biot (1774 - 1862), a French physicist, mathematician, and astronomer who researched the mica minerals for their optical properties. Because of Biotite''s abundance, its presence is usually lacking in collections except for it being an accessory mineral to other minerals.

  • Analysis of the compositional variations of biotite in ...

    Biotite occurs in a great variety ofrock types and has a structure that can accommodate most of the abundant elements. The large range in composition of natural biotite makes it a valuable source of information regard-ing equilibrium conditions. The composition of biotite depends principally on the bulk composition and the

  • Biotite Mineral | Uses and Properties

    What does biotite mean? - Definitions

  • Biotite — Wikipédia

    Inventeur et étymologie. Décrite par Johann Friedrich Ludwig Hausmann en 1847. Le nom de biotite vient de Jean-Baptiste Biot [2], physicien français qui a étudié les propriétés optiques de la famille des micas.. Topotype. Monte Somma, Complexe volcanique Somma-Vésuve, Naples, Campanie, Italie.. Cristallographie. La biotite donne plusieurs polytypes au nombre de couches variable.

  • Granite biotite | Article about Granite biotite by The ...

    a magmatic rock rich in silica. One of the most common rocks of the earth''s crust, granite is composed of potash feldspar (orthoclase, microcline), acid plagioclase (albite, oligoclase), quartz, mica (biotite or muscovite), amphibole, and, more rarely, pyroxene.

  • Microstructure and compositional changes across biotite ...

     · Profiles showing the change in plagioclase composition from the mafic schollen across the selvedge and into the diatexite show that each subtype of selvedge has a characteristic pattern. Four types of biotite are identified in the selvedges and host diatexite based on …

  • (PDF) Application of Biotite Composition in Determination ...

    INTRODUCTIONThe composition of minerals provides a means of evaluating the nature and conditions that existed at the time of magma emplacement.Biotite is a significant ferromagnesian mineral in most intermediate and felsic igneous rocks (Masoudi and Jamshidi Badr, 2008).

  • Syenite

    Syenite is an igneous rock that solidified slowly in the crust in a similar manner to granite.A true syenite (sensu stricto) is also compositionally resembling granite.The most notable difference is the absence or very low quantity of quartz while it is an essential component of granite.

  • Biotite | mineral | Britannica

    Biotite, a silicate mineral in the common mica group. It is abundant in metamorphic rocks (both regional and contact), in pegmatites, and also in granites and other intrusive igneous rocks. For chemical formula and detailed physical properties, see mica (table). Biotite is regarded as a mixture

  • Schist: Metamorphic Rock

    Types of Schist and Their Composition. As explained above, mica minerals such as chlorite, muscovite, and biotite are the characteristic minerals of schist. These were formed through metamorphism of the clay minerals present in the protolith. Other common minerals in schist include quartz and feldspars that are inherited from the protolith ...

  • Biotite granite: Mineral information, data and localities.

    Quick NavTop About Biotite granite Classification Sub-divisions Mineralogy Synonyms Internet Links Mineral and/or Locality Mindat is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.

  • Biotite

    Biotite. Biotite is a very common and widespread mineral group. The minerals of the group occur often in metamorphic and igneous rocks. It is much less common in sediments and sedimentary rocks because it yields to clay minerals in the weathering environment. Biotite is one of the two most common members of the mica group.

  • Biotite Gneiss

     · Typically, however, biotite''s dark color prohibits such a mistake. Gneiss is a medium- to coarse-grained rock that can be found in a variety of locations, but its characteristic banding can perhaps best be seen in massive exposed samples, such as those at Stone Mountain, Georgia and Hickory Nut Gorge in North Carolina.

  • Biotite

    Biotite With a Halo Around a Zircon Inclusion. This sample is a biotite-cordierite-orthopyroxene gneiss from near Sioux Lookout, Ontario.The field of view, about 2 mm across, is dominated by olive-green-brown biotite.. The largest grain of biotite contains a pelochroic halo (burn mark) around an included zircon. Although hard to identify in this view, the clear, high relief grains to the left ...

  • Chemical composition of biotite as a guide to petrological ...

    (1960) biotite composition. In recent years, Nachit et al., (1985) used mica composition in granitoids to relate magma types in which biotite crystallized. In Altot vs. Mg classification diagram, the nature of granitoid magmas grouped into four types such as peraluminous (P), calcalkaline (C), subalkaline (SA),

  • What is the chemical composition of biotite?

    Mica Group of Sheet Silicates Chemical Composition Biotite is K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2 Potassium iron magnesium aluminum silicate hydroxide. Phlogopite is KMg3AlSi3O10(OH)2 Potassium magnesium aluminum silicate hydroxide Cleavage Single perfect cleavage to produce thin flexible sheets or flakes. Hardness 2.5 to 3 (soft)

  • Igneous Rocks Classified by Composition

    Intermediate rocks are roughly even mixtures of felsic minerals (mainly plagioclase) and mafic minerals (mainly hornblende, pyroxene, and/or biotite). There is little or no quartz. Felsic rocks are mostly feldspar (especially K-feldspar), at least 10% quartz, and less than 15% mafic minerals (biotite, hornblende).

  • GEO143 Mineral Webpages

    Mineral Name: Biotite Chemical Composition: K(Mg,Fe2+3)(Al,Fe3+)Si3O10(OH,F)2. Color: Biotite is most commonly dark black, but it can also be dark brown and even dark green (5). Streak: Finding the streak of Biotite can be quite difficult due to the weakness of the mineral. When testing the streak, it is common for it to flake off and appear to produce a brown streak; however, this only occurs ...

  • Biotite: Mineral information, data and localities.

    139  · Shabani, A. and Lalonde, E. (2003) Composition of biotite from granitic rocks of the …

  • Applications of biotite inclusion composition to zircon ...

     · Biotite was chemically characterized from one Neoarchean and 20 Phanerozoic granitoids ranging in composition from tonalite to granite and deriving from continental arc, collisional, and continental rift settings (see Table 1; more details on sampling location and setting in SOM-1).Biotite from three granitoids was analyzed in situ in thick section, and for 18 granitoids the biotite was picked ...

  • Biotite surface chemistry as a function of aqueous fluid ...

    The chemical composition and charge of the biotite near-surface, in contact with NaCl bearing aqueous solutions at 25 C from pH 1 to 12, have been derived via zeta potential measurements and potentiometric titrations performed for 20 and 60 min in batch reactors. Zeta potential measurements yielded an isoelectric point of pH 3.0 (±0.2) and ...

  • biotite

    Mica - Biotite Lien vers Wikipedia Minéral présent dans les roches magmatiques "acides" - granites et dans les roches métamorphiques - gneiss et micaschistes

  • Biotite gneiss

    Biotite gneiss; Loch Laxford, NW Scotland This rock is mostly composed of creamy-white feldspar and quartz, together with dark minerals, of which the most abundant is the dark mica biotite. The dark minerals are arranged in a streaky banding, giving the rock a gneissic texture. The flakes of mica are also aligned with their long dimensions ...

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